|The difference between leadership and management can be illustrated by considering instances when there is one without the other. Leadership without management sets a direction or vision that others follow, without considering how the new direction is going to be achieved. Feasibility study is an evaluation and analysis of the potential of a proposed project which is based on extensive investigation and research to support the process of decision making. Taken into account the manner in which the ministry of livestock publicized the above, it is evident that, those announced the project in one of the hotels in Hargeisa did not know any basic knowledge how to administer a project which as they said estimated over US $ four million. The announced the project without discussed the project details with the local community that livelihood were depending over decades. The ministry did not consider the slightest consideration for hundreds of families and their livestock. The question who is going to believe that, the minister will convert the place a better grass land. Even a tent gives us a notice to vacate a residential house or flat.
Perhaps the ministry was only focused how gain self interest rather than the interests of hundreds of families and their livestock. I do not know if the ministry of livestock aware that human lost effected when Siyad regime come with a similar. In the event the ministry willing to execute the project, they were expected to make a site visit for the area to be developed and explain the local community the difference of the site at present and the future after executed the project, by then the community will be influenced or they will reject outright. Now the entire the community originates the subject area both locally and overseas turn down the complete reason being, the community believe that, there are hidden agenda involves the project which is to benefit to self.
Generally, feasibility studies precede technical development and project implementation. A feasibility study evaluates the project’s potential for success; therefore, perceived objectivity is an important factor in the credibility of the study for potential investors and lending institutions. It must therefore be conducted with an objective, unbiased approach to provide information upon which decisions can be based. The assessment is based on an outline design of system requirements, to determine whether the company has the technical expertise to handle completion of the project. When writing a feasibility report, the following should be taken to consideration: A brief description of the business to assess more possible factors which could affect the study. In its simplest form, a Feasibility Study represents a definition of a problem or opportunity to be studied, an analysis of the current mode of operation, a definition of requirements, an evaluation of alternatives, and an agreed upon course of action. As such, the activities for preparing a Feasibility Study are generic in nature and can be applied to any type of project, be it for systems and software development, making an acquisition, or any other project. There are basically six parts to any effective Feasibility Study:
1. The Project Scope which is used to define the business problem and or opportunity to be addressed. The old adage, “The problem well stated is half solved,” is very apropos. The scope should be definitive and to the point; rambling narrative serves no purpose and can actually confuse project participants. It is also necessary to define the parts of the business affected either directly or indirectly, including project participants and end-user areas affected by the project. The project sponsor should be identified, particularly if he/she is footing the bill.
I have seen too many projects in the corporate world started without a well defined project scope. Consequently, projects have wandered in and out of their boundaries causing them to produce either far too much or far too little than what is truly needed.
2. The Current Analysis is used to define and understand the current method of implementation, such as a system, a product, etc. From this analysis, it is not uncommon to discover there is actually nothing wrong with the current system or product other than some misunderstandings regarding it or perhaps it needs some simple modifications as opposed to a major overhaul. Also, the strengths and weaknesses of the current approach are identified (pros and cons). In addition, there may very well be elements of the current system or product that may be used in its successor thus saving time and money later on. Without such analysis, this may never be discovered.
Analysts are cautioned to avoid the temptation to stop and correct any problems encountered in the current system at this time. Simply document your findings instead, otherwise you will spend more time unnecessarily in this stage (aka “Analysis Paralysis”).
3. Requirements – how requirements are defined depends on the object of the project’s attention. For example, how requirements are specified for a product is substantially different than requirements for an edifice, a bridge, or an information system. Each exhibits totally different properties and, as such, are defined differently. How you define requirements for software is also substantially different than how you define them for systems.
4. The Approach represents the recommended solution or course of action to satisfy the requirements. Here, various alternatives are considered along with an explanation as to why the preferred solution was selected. In terms of design related projects, it is here where whole rough designs (e.g., “renderings”) are developed in order to determine viability. It is also at this point where the use of existing structures and commercial alternatives are considered (e.g., “build versus buy” decisions). The overriding considerations though are: Does the recommended approach satisfy the requirements? Is it also a practical and viable solution? A thorough analysis here is needed in order to perform the next step…
5. Evaluation – examines the cost effectiveness of the approach selected. This begins with an analysis of the estimated total cost of the project. In addition to the recommended solution, other alternatives are estimated in order to offer an economic comparison. For development projects, an estimate of labour and out-of-pocket expenses is assembled along with a project schedule showing the project path and start-and-end dates.
After the total cost of the project has been calculated, a cost and evaluation summary is prepared which includes such things as a cost/benefit analysis, return on investment, etc.
6. Review – all of the preceding elements are then assembled into a Feasibility Study and a formal review is conducted with all parties involved. The review serves two purposes: to substantiate the thoroughness and accuracy of the Feasibility Study, and to make a project decision; either approve it, reject it, or ask that it be revised before making a final decision. If approved, it is very important that all parties sign the document which expresses their acceptance and commitment to it; it may be a seemingly small gesture, but signatures carry a lot of weight later on as the project progresses. If the Feasibility Study is rejected, the reasons for its rejection should be explained and attached to the document. It should be remembered that a Feasibility Study is more of a way of thinking as opposed to a bureaucratic process. For example, what I have just described is essentially the same process we all follow when purchasing a car or a home. As the scope of the project grows, it becomes more important to document the Feasibility Study particularly if large amounts of money are involved and/or the criticality of delivery. Not only should the Feasibility Study contain sufficient detail to carry on to the next succeeding phase in the project, but it should also be used for comparative analysis when preparing the final Project Audit which analyses what was delivered versus what was proposed in the Feasibility Study. Feasibility Studies represent a common sense approach to planning. Frankly, it is just plain good business to conduct them.
A project plan, according to the project management body knowledge, is a formal, approved document used to guide both project execution and project control. The primary uses of the project plan are to document planning assumptions and decisions, facilitate communication among stakeholders, and document approved scope, cost, and schedule baselines. A project plan may be summarized or detailed the latest edition of the project management body knowledge use rather the term Project Charter to refer to the contract or document that the project sponsor and project manager use to agree on the initial vision of the project (scope, baseline, resources, objectives.) at a high level. The project management plan is the document that the project manager builds to describe in more details the planning of the project and its organization. In the PMI methodology described in the the project management body knowledge, the project charter and the project management plan are the two most important documents for describing a project during the initiation and planning phases …a statement of how and when a project’s objectives are to be achieved, by showing the major products, milestones, activities and resources required on the project.”
Who undertakes such studies? Commissioning a feasibility study may seem pointless if you are confident that your idea is a sound one, but a decision made without thorough research can be costly. A feasibility study reduces the risk of making poor decisions and increases your success. It gives you an objective and independent view of your idea potential and enables you to make informed decisions about how it could be launched. How do I format and write my Feasibility Plan and finally Executive Summary – the main purpose is to gain the reader’s attention. Give a brief and clear overview of the key points of each section of your plan. Who undertakes such studies? Commissioning a feasibility study may seem useful if you are confident that your idea is a sound one, but a decision made without thorough research can be costly. A feasibility study reduces the risk of making poor decisions and increases your success. It gives you an objective and independent view of your idea potential and enables you to make informed decisions about how it could be launched and summary of the project which it’s the main purpose is to gain the acceptance for the people concerned. It is important to consider capacity of target beneficiaries and sustainability of rural development during formulation of a master plan. In such a plan formulation, community participation is also considered vital. Most poor people live in rural areas of developing countries and are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. The pressures such as population growth, modernization, ethnic conflicts and environmental degradation are factors that are forcing local inhabitants to change their way of life. Under such circumstances, what do local people want? What can they do by themselves to realize their dreams? What can the government and foreign donors do for them.In conclusion, therefore, let the ministry of livestock come with an alternative plan, other their original one, which is rejected by the local community lived at site.This is the mental picture for all community both at home and overseas originates the subject area (Qoolcaday).