Somaliland:International Day of Peace Commemorated in Hargeisa Under the Theme: “Right of Peoples to Peace”




Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies
University of Hargeisa
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International Day of Peace
Theme: “Right of Peoples to Peaceful Co-Existence”
Saturday, 21st September 2014

On Sunday, the 21st of September 2014, the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies will join with the rest of the world to celebrate the International Day of Peace. Each year since 1982, International Day of Peace has provided a podium whereby not United Nations and its member states do meet for the sake of achieving the ever elusive peace, It is also day for civil society, private sector and individuals to come together and join forces to advance global peace.
This day is an opportunity to engage every one of us in doing something to MAKE PEACE HAPPEN. We need the commitment of peace from state actor and non-state actors including governments, elders, intellectuals, traditional leaders, religious leaders, youth and politicians to inspire the work of peace and to spread the message of peace through door to door approach. Our peace day will be practical step towards total mobilization of our people for peace.
This year, International Day of Peace will have a special meaning to Somaliland people, because there are risking points to peace in Somaliland, such as rapidly growing Gang crimes, the widening gap between poor and rich in our country, Fighting over the limited resource, like Oil company operations , Recurring elections which the country cannot avoid , Economic immigrants from neighboring countries who dominated in our labor market and marginalized Somaliland citizens, Unemployment rate ( the graduate dilemma), Terrorist and piracy , environmental problems, Social habits particularly QAAT which causes family crisis and augmented rate of rape.
See the below brief explanation of the above mentioned points:

I. The effects of Rapidly growing Teenager Gang Related crimes
The ever increasing teenager gang related crimes in almost all the major cities of country is worrying and needs to be addressed before the situation gets out of hand. The teenage gangs congregate on a regular basis with the intent to commit crimes. Teenage gangs are especially known for using intimidation to make money and committing violent crimes as serious as execution-style murders and gang rape and the common goal is to instigating fear upon the outsiders or the unsuspecting population.

II. Amplifying Gap Between Poor and Rich ( social and former injustice )

The newly established classes of life has centered the widening gap between poor and rich, this gap has generated that the wealth families send their children to private schools for better education rather than public schools. This weakens the quality of public school which brought students from poor families to drop out schools and became threat to the peace in Somaliland.
III. Recurring Elections Which Country Cannot Avoid

Somaliland elections become a real threat to our peace as the system of democracy is a novel to the people and their way of life. In every election, there is a real fear in every corner of the country because of the trend which our election has recently taken which can escalate a conflict in any moment and generate a direct violence. On the other hand, the country cannot avoid economically, socially, and politically to hold election in every year or two years.

IV. Threat posed by Uncensored Economical Immigrants from Neighboring Countries:
The bulk of foreign immigrants moved from neighboring countries fueled the unemployment rate in the country. They are menace to peace as they can easily join gang and terrorist groups for economic benefit. On the same token, they also a danger in our stability because no one knows their exact number, identity, location, what they are doing in the country and to whom they are held responsible.
The current trend of illegal immigration is a phenomenon which places increasing strain on Governments limited resources and poses more challenges to the Government’s efforts to balance its obligations under international law with the need to protect the country from illegal entry and the breeding of terrorism in its soil.
V. Unemployment: The Graduate Dilemma
The problem of youth unemployment is reached at the climax than ever before. Young people have limited opportunities when it comes to job markets. In the absence of proper infrastructure and public commitment, increasing number of young graduates in the high schools and university adds to the pool of job seekers every year, worsening the situation. Slow growing economies are unable to generate enough job opportunities to absorb the young people qualifying from institutions of learning every year and lack of sound national youth employment policy has resulted to chronic unemployment which could turn into a dreadful momentum in present and the future ahead.
VI. Social Misfits: Street Children A Product of Dysfunctional Family
Domestic violence, separation and destruction of families have spawned the increase of neglected young children in the streets in Hargeisa. Many end up joining gangs; some get involved in huge criminals. These street kids can be a burden to the peace in Somaliland in older age either through drugs or violence.
Lately we have seen the numbers of street children surge in across the cities this being as a result of Dysfunctional Family units which encompass many different types of families plagued by factors that create a negative family environment that is not conducive to raising children such as families with substance abuse, emotional and mental health issues, child abuse , economic woes and child neglect.
Yet the same children have been systematically victimized and traumatized and try to escape their dark past by turning to substance abuse or may find themselves in a dysfunctional relationship, having children and repeating the patterns of your childhood.
The above mentioned factors are exceptional to our list of moment threats to peace but if they are not given a high consideration to deal with them, they can bring a ruinous effect in our future, peace and stability.

Peace cannot be achieved in a day, and this peace day recalls us the current issues that peril in our peace in order to put peace in practice through a collective, cooperative movement of unity.
Peace cannot be achieved in a day, and this peace day recalls us the current issues that peril in our peace in order to put peace in practice through a collective, cooperative movement of unity. More importantly, successful solutions will create hope for a better future where the respect for basic human rights, social justice, peace, freedom and prosperity will sustain peaceful coexistence in our communities and in our Nation.
International Day of Peace is an opportunity for Somaliland’s government and other state agencies, civil society organizations, intellectuals, academicians and peace-makers to mend the pledge of renewing social ties and strengthening social cohesion through dialogue and consultation among Somaliland communities for ensuring the stability of the state.
Somaliland Government should prepare a suitable and collective response to the immensely growing of the organized crime as gang-ship and group rape because it is obvious that police force alone cannot tackle this newly emerging in security in our yards. Civil society organizations, Non-state Actors, Community Based organizations, elders, media and parents must be part and parcel of every solution which is being dealt to this problem.
Somaliland governments should establish corporate job creation plans in to their development frame work and that is the only way to tackle unemployment in our country. A plan of action must be placed to absorb the young people qualifying from educational institutions in every year. On the other hand, we have to mobilize, train, guide, and raise the awareness of our labor force towards jobs to connect between the employers and employees.
Address the fluid of foreign immigrant by promoting migration laws which can reduce the bulk of illegal immigrants and may also make better job creation.
Finally, we have to a plan to fight against this new enemies and menaces to our peace in addition to the traditional enemies otherwise we cannot continue our stability with the changing trends of life. Ever new era has its challenges and we have to equip our self a protection towards the new challenges.

Adam Haji-Ali Ahmed
Director, the Institute of Peace & Conflict Studies (IPCS),
University of Hargeisa,


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