24, July 2014
The London Somalia international conference in 2012 was a milestone for Somaliland and Somalia politics because it instigated a good inception that intended to help clarify the major political dispute between Somalia and Somaliland.1 The intention behind this proposal was to create a political atmosphere that parties can talk meaningfully at expenses of internationally led process of mediation or facilitation.
However, Somaliland and Somalia have been conducting these bilateral talks since the post- London conference in 2012. But until now, there is no significant outcome achieved except both parties to demonstrate their willingness and political interest to pursuit the frequent meetings in Chevening, Dubai, Istanbul and Ankara. Nonetheless, if the airspace joints agreement fails, there is no doubt that the whole talks will be failure and that the Turkey’s mediation role will be questioned.
Thus, the traditional international community as UK, US, EU, UN and AU must take some steps and hold accountable both parties specially the Federal Government of Somalia which has violated the joint agreement together signed by both parties. In addition to that, it was a symbolic moment at domestic and international limelight that Somaliland and Somalia talks diminished a long term apprehensive situation in which likely might fuel the current problems in the Horn of Africa.
Therefore, the decision that ICAO and UNDP arranged to handover the airspace management to Somalia is indeed nullified, since the joint agreement that the two parties validated was a binding accord.
In addition, parties were supposed to establish mechanisms of controlling and managing air traffic jointly. However, it seems to be a deplorable step to hear again such unilateral transfer demanded by the Government of Somalia without respecting the mutual agreement.
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