Presidential Elections 2016: a setback for the institutions and democracy in Djibouti
After more than three (3) years of unprecedented political crisis following parliamentary elections on February 22, 2013 challenged and denounced by the opposition and whose power never wanted to publish the results.
After more than three (3) years of repression, intimidation, arrests, arbitrary imprisonment, illegal guards view, predatory investments on deposit warrant, harassment, torture in prison for many opponents, opposition activists, human rights defenders as well as ordinary citizens during this period where no medical assistance and judiciary was possible.
After more than three (3) years of bracketing of freedom of movement with often confiscate passports for officials and opposition activists as well as human rights defenders, trade unionists and ordinary citizens.
After more than three (3) years where protests, rallies and opposition meetings were often prevented or suppressed followed by arbitrary arrests and detentions.
Three (3) months after the announcement of the death of the framework agreement between the government and the opposition signed in December 2014 the USN (Union for National Hi) in December 2015.
Three (3) months and 17 days after the massacre of 21 December 2015 on the outskirts of Balballa more exactly Buldhuquo that the presidential elections were held on April 8, 2016. Moreover, the human rights organizations and citizens Djibouti still waiting for an independent and impartial investigation to shed light on the massacre.
- Organization and conduct of elections
The organization and holding of the elections were boycotted and denounced by some of the opposition that criticizes the power bad faith and especially the absence of the establishment of an Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) Joint expected by the framework Agreement signed between the government and the opposition coalition (USN) December 30, 2014.
Moreover, during the two (2) weeks of the campaign in power, as usual, has requisitioned all the means of the state and even the officials as denounced the independent candidate Mohamed Moussa Ali said Tower Tour ” mobilization forcibly the administration staff, the misuse of state resources and the hyper media coverage of the incumbent president … and especially the administrative harassment, physical threats from unidentified persons and denial of time antenna broadcast on national television yet guaranteed by the electoral law for the opposition. “
On the other hand, the absence of true democracy and rule of law has been highlighted by subordination and complete submission of all the bureaucracy and state officials.
Even the head of the delegation of the African Union has explicitly stated that there was in many polling stations the presence of security forces on Africa24 and added that the presence of security forces is likely to taint the election results.
The very low turnout and multiple pressures on the population reflect the loss of freedom and democracy in the Republic of Djibouti.
The candidate of the USN, Omar Elmi Khaireh and two (2) other independent candidates, Mohamed Moussa Ali said Abdurahman Tour Tour and Djama Djama, rejected the results announced by the Interior Ministry and approved by the Constitutional Council.
- High risk of implosion
The absence of strong and independent institutions, beginning of a concerted and conciliatory democracy of all national political layers, free and transparent elections, formed a civil society, reformed after private citizens and the country’s intellectuals remains a major obstacle to the harmonious development of this republic still under the yoke of the same party for 37 years. Doing nothing is a collective suicide.
The ODDH public appeal to an awareness of the gravity of the situation and end the clogging and crop share policy.
The ODDH denounces and condemns the repeated violations of human rights and the bracketing of respect for human rights and democracy.
The ODDH reiterates its call for the opening with the opposition of respectful political dialogue and fair to overcome the unprecedented crisis.
The ODDH reiterates its call for the establishment of democratic reforms to pave the way for a genuine rule of law.
The ODDH calls for the international community and to all Djiboutian citizens to work towards a peaceful and democratic society in which human rights are respected.
The ODDH recommends to comply international standards ratified by Djibouti, the constitutional provisions on the protection of citizens, respect for fundamental freedoms, to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights ‘Man.
Acting for democracy, dignity and justice
Farah Abdillahi Miguil